The Active and The Passive Voice

The Active and The Passive Voice 



1- The Active and Passive Voice in English:


A- The Active Voice:is a sentence begins with the performer of the Action ( subject, verb , object or person ) this action is performed on so this is an active sentence .

2- The Active Voice Examples:

👉 Ali watched the film .

Subject : Ali
Verb : Watched
Object : The film


👉 My sister has cleaned the house.



👉 The hunter killed the bird.

3-Passive Voice Rules:

a-The passive voice is not used in the present perfect continuous , the past perfect continuous or the future continuous for reasons of style .

b-we can use the passive in all other tenses and  in other verb forms .

4-Passive Voice Uses:


a- when we do not know who the subject is

b- we want to give more important to the action or it is not .


- Examples :

👉 Somebody watched the film - The film was watched.



5-How You Can Formulate The Passive Voice:



-To formulate a passive voice sentence :


A – We put the object of the verb at the beginning of our sentence.

B - We  conjugate the Verb to be in the same tense like the active sentence.

C – We put the main verb in the Past Participle form .



6- The Passive Voice Examples:



👉The teacher explains the lesson /   the lesson explained
👉 My mother cooks the lunch  the lunch cooked
👉My sister is painting  my  room  /   my  room is being painted
👉 someone took  my book  my book was taken


Note One : If we want to mention the subject in a passive sentence , use by

👉- My sister is painting  my  room  /   my  room is being painted.


Note two : If the active sentence begins with no-one or nobody ,the passive sentence will be negative


👉 Nobody turned on the light / the light was not turned on.

Note three : If there is a preposition between the verb and the object,The preposition will remain after the verb 

 👉 She talked about the issue / the issue was talked about


7- The Passive Voice of different tenses:


Tense
Active
Passive
Present simple
I do it
It is done
Present continuous
I am doing it
It is being done
Present perfect
I have done it
It has been done
Past simple
I did it
It was done
Past continuous
I was doing it
It was being done
Future simple
I will do it
It  will be done
Future continuous
I will be doing it
It will be being done
Future perfect
I will have done it
It will have been done
Future perfect continuous
I will have been doing it
Not common
Present perfect continuous
I have been doing it
Not common
Past perfect
I had done it
It had been done



See also : 

>>>  Definite Article (The)



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