Present Perfect Simple

Present Perfect Simple



1- The Form of The Present Perfect Tense:



Have / Has + Past Participle 




Positive


Negative


Interrogative

I have worked

I have not worked

Have you worked



2-The Present Perfect Tense Examples:


-Sarah has had excellent grades this years.


-You have seen  that film anytime  


-Have you went to work last day ?


-You have not went to work last day.


3-The Uses Of The Present Perfect Simple Tense :


b - Expresses the event appeared and ended in the past, but its impact on the present




Examples :


-I have lost my key.


-He has just arrived.


- Expresses the event appeared in the past and is still going until now

Examples :


-I have lived in Japan  for 19 years = I still live in Japan

- I lived in Japan for 19 years = I live somewhere else now.


c- Use Lately - Recently : to mean that something has happened since soon but did not specify the time.

Examples :




-I haven't  seen her lately.


d- Use just  already –   Evidence used yet in  The question in exile.


Examples :


-I have already phoned the doctor.


I haven't phoned the doctor yet


 -Have you yet finished your homework?



Examples :


-Have you ever been to Iceland ?

 -No, I have never been to Iceland .


e - Grades :

Since,lately,yet,up,now,never,till,for



Note A : If you want to say someone went to a place and returned it we use:

Has + Have been to + place 



Examples :


 -He has been to London (now he is in japan)





Note B : If you want to say someone went to a place and is still there , we use :

Has + have gone to + place




Examples :


-She has gone to Italy (She is still there).


See Also:

 >>> Present Perfect Progressive / Continuous

>>> Past Perfect Simple

>>>Past Perfect Progressive / Continuous

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